Global Quaker information; FWCC; Glossary front page and contents


Français–anglais / French–English


a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
s'abstenir
stand aside
activité pastorale (f)
oversight
adhérer (à la Société religieuse des Amis)
join (the Religious Society of Friends)
affirmation (f)
affirmation
affirmer
affirm
Ami -e
Friend
Concerning the use of capitals & l.c., cf. FRIEND
Ami-e de poids
weighty, seasoned Friend
ami-e des Amis (CH)
attender, friend of Friends
Ami-e évangélique
Evangelical Friend
Ami-e isolé-e
isolated Friend
Ami conservateur, Amie conservatrice
Conservative Friend
Ami-e d'ailleurs, d'un autre groupe, d'un autre assemblée
visiting Friend (when referring to an official delegate), cf. AMI-E EN VISITE
Ami-e en visite
visiting Friend (when referring to a private individual); cf. AMI-E D'AILLEURS
Ami-e qui a recours aux services d'un pasteur rétribué
pastoral Friend
ancien-ne
elder
assemblée annuelle (f)
Yearly Meeting
It takes an "A" (cap.) when it refers to a specific geographical entity; it is then a proper noun (Assemblée annuelle de France).
It takes an "a" (l.c.) when it refers to
  • an event; it is then a common noun ("on se retrouvera à l'assemblée annuelle")
  • a type of institution ("les assemblées annuelles d'Europe sont de tailles diverses")
Assemblée annuelle de Grande-Bretagne (f)
Britain Yearly Meeting, Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Britain
assemblée d'affaires (f)
Meeting for business
assemblée des femmes (f)
Women's Meeting
assemblée du Comité (f)
Representative Meeting
assemblée générale (f)
General Meeting; cf. ASSEMBLÉE ANNUELLE
assemblée mensuelle (f)
Monthly Meeting; cf. ASSEMBLÉE ANNUELLE
assemblée régionale (f)
General Meeting, Regional Meeting; cf. ASSEMBLÉE ANNUELLE
assemblée trimestrielle (f)
General Meeting, Quarterly Meeting; cf. ASSEMBLÉE ANNUELLE
s'attendre à (p.ex. Dieu)
wait upon (e.g. God)
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
banc de face (m)
facing bench
Cf. iconographie
Bureau mondial (m) (Comité consultatif mondial des Amis)
World Office (FWCC)
Bureau Quaker auprès des Nations Unies
Quaker United Nations Office
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
céder
stand aside
clarification (f)
clearness
clarifié (adj.)
clear
clerk (n)
clerk
clerk adjoint-e
assistant clerk
clore le culte, la réunion
close the meeting
Comité consultatif mondial des Amis (m)
Friends World Committee for Consultation
En raccourci on emploie 'Comité mondial' là où en anglais on dit "FWCC"
comité des anciens et des veilleurs (m)
Ministry & Counsel Committee; Oversight, Worship & Ministry committee; Eldership & Oversight Committee: depending on the Yearly Meeting
Comité exécutif (m)
Meeting for Sufferings (in Britain YM)
Comité exécutif central (m)
Central Executive Committee (du Comité consultatif mondial des Amis)
comité de clarification (m)
Clearness Committee
comité des nominations (m)
nominating committee (esp. FWCC), nominations committee. Cf. NOMINATIONS COMMITTEE
concern (m) (text.12)
concern, cf. CONCERN (EF)
Conseil quaker pour les affaires européennes (m)
Quaker Council for European Affairs
Conseil œcuménique des Églises (COE)
World Council of Churches (WCC)
En tant que communion chrétienne mondiale, le Comité consultatif mondial des Amis jouit de la qualité de membre associé du Conseil œcuménique des Églises. Cela lui donne le droit de désigner un représentant délégué au Comité central du COE.
As a Christian World Communion, FWCC has associate membership of the World Council of Churches. Thus it is entitled to send a delegated representative to meetings of the WCC Central Committee.
Conseils et questions (m)
Advices & Queries
conviction (f)
belief, convincement, conviction
culte (m)
worship (n), Meeting, Meeting for worship
culte à la mémoire de ... (m)
Meeting to give thanks for the grace of God in the life of ...
culte d'attente
waiting worship
culte en cours de la semaine (m)
mid-week Meeting
culte-partage (m)
worship sharing
culte programmé (m)
programmed Meeting
culte qui sert d'assemblée d'affaires (m)
Meeting for worship for business
culte sans programme (m)
unprogrammed Meeting
culte silencieux (m)
unprogrammed Meeting; occasionally it has the sense of a silent meeting in which spoken ministry is banned
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
demande d'admission (f)
application for membership
désaveu (m)
disownment
désavouer
disown
devenir membre (de la Société religieuse des Amis)
join (the Religious Society of Friends)
dimanche (m)
First Day, Sunday
There is a significant current of English-speaking Friends who refuse to use the names of days and months because of their pagan etymology. They assign ordinal numbers instead. For these Quakers First Day is Sunday; this differs from usual administrative practice according to which Monday is Day 1 (e.g. airline timetables)
direction (f)
leading
direction de l'Esprit (f)
leadings of the spirit
direction divine (f)
divine guidance
distinct
separate, separated
Regarding clergy.
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
école du dimanche
First Day School
Église historiquement pacifiste (f)
historic peace Church
empêchement, sans
clear
en bon ordre
in right ordering
en ordre
in right ordering
entente (f)
unity
épître (f)
epistle
Équipe quaker pour la paix (f)
Friends Peace Team
Esprit (m)
Spirit
étincelle divine (f)
divine spark, that of God, that of God within
s'exprimer au culte
speak in meeting
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
Foi et pratique (f)
Faith and Practice
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
groupe (m)
Meeting
groupe à culte programmé (m)
programmed Meeting
groupe non-programmé, qui pratique le culte sans programme (m)
unprogrammed Meeting
groupe local (m)
Preparative Meeting (in Britain YM), Meeting (in general)
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
insister, ne pas
stand aside
inspiré
moved
inspiré à prendre la parole
moved to speak
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
janvier
First Month; cf. FIRST DAY
Jeune Ami-e
Young Friend
Jeunes Ami-e-s de l'Europe et du Moyen-Orient
Europe and Middle East Young Friends
Journal, journal (m)
Journal, journal
J (cap.): title of a work: e.g. George Fox's or John Woolman's Journal
j (l.c.) a spiritual exercise
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
lieu de culte (m)
Meeting House
livre de discipline (m)
book of discipline
In English as well as French, 'discipline' is used in this phrase in a 16th Century French sense, now archaic: "instruction, moral guidance, influence" (Petit Robert)
lumière (f)
light
lumière intérieure (f)
inner, inward, light; that of God within
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
Maison quaker (f)
Meeting House, Quaker House
Where Quakers have a whole house for their use, it is often given the name 'Maison quaker'.
marcher joyeux (text.4)
walk cheerfully
mariage à la manière, à la mode, des Amis (m)
marriage after the manner of Friends
membre
member
membre associé (F)
attender, friend of Friends
membre de passage
sojourning member
membre par conviction
convinced Friend
messager, -ère de la vérité
publisher of Truth
ministère (m)
ministry
ministère de la parole (m)
spoken ministry
ministère du silence (m)
silent ministry
ministère parlé (m)
spoken ministry
ministère itinérant (m)
travelling ministry
ministre inscrit-e
recorded minister
ministre reconnu-e
recorded minister
minute (f)
minute (n)
minuter
minute (v)
mi-programmé (culte)
partly programmed
modérateur, -trice
clerk
moment de silence (m)
a moment of (silent) worship, of silence
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
naissance, de
birthright
nombre de membres (m)
membership
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
ordonnance (f)
ordering
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
parler à sa condition (text.6)
speak to one's condition.
Pèlerinage quaker pour les jeunes (m)
Quaker Youth Pilgrimage
poussé
moved
poussé à prendre la parole
moved to speak
pratique (f. singulier)
practice
premiers Amis, les (m plurie pluriell)
Early Friends
présentation d'un-e enfant (f)
presentation of a child
procès-verbal (m)
minutes
partage équitable des ressources du monde (m)
right sharing of world resources
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
quaker
Quaker
quakerisme (m)
Quakerism
qualité de membre (f)
membership
question (f)
query
quiétisme (m)
Quietism
quiétiste (n, adj)
Quietist
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
recueilli
centred, gathered
recueilliment (m)
Meeting for worship
se recueillir
worship (v), centre down
rencontre (f)
gathering
représentant-e légal-e
clerk
rétribuer
release
i.e. pay a person so that they can devote their time to a Quaker cause.
réunion transfrontalière (f)
Border Meeting
réunion d'affaires (f)
business meeting
révélation continue (f)
continuing revelation
rôle des membres (m)
membership list
Royaume paisible (m)
Peaceable Kingdom
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
sacerdoce universel (m)
priesthood of all believers
Sainte expérience, La (f),
Holy Experiment
salle de culte (f)
Meeting room
Sans croix point de couronne
No Cross, No Crown
Titre d'un ouvrage de William Penn
séance d'affaires (f)
Business session
séance de l'assemblée annuelle (f)
Yearly Meeting session
Secours quaker (m)
Quaker relief
secours (m)
relief
secrétaire
secretary
secrétaire de séance
recording clerk
Section de l'Europe et du Moyen-Orient (f) (du Comité consultatif mondial des Amis)
Europe and Middle East Section (FWCC)
Section de l'Afrique (f) (du Comité consultatif mondial des Amis)
Africa Section (FWCC)
Section de l'Asie et du Pacifique occidental (f) (du Comité consultatif mondial des Amis)
Asia-West Pacific Section (FWCC)
Section des Amériques (f) (du Comité consultatif mondial des Amis)
Section of the Americas (FWCC)
selon que la voie s'ouvre
as the way opens
sentiment de l'assemblée (m)
sense of the meeting
serment (m)
oath
silence (m)
quiet, silence; cf. MOMENT OF SILENCE
simplicité (f)
simplicity
Société religieuse des Amis (f)
Religious Society of Friends
soixante vaillants, les (m)
The Valiant 60
subventionner
release; cf. RÉTRIBUER
sympathisant-e
attender
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
témoignage (m) (text.1)
testimony, witness
témoignage de la paix (m) (text.8, 13, 14)
Peace testimony
témoigner
testify, witness
Triennale (f)
Triennial
Trimestrielle (f)
General Meeting, Quarterly Meeting
tutoyer
Use plain language, speech; thee and thou (v); in French, address a person by 'tu' rather than 'vous'
In 17th century English, the forms ‘thee’ and ‘thou’ and you' existed, similar to ‘tu’ and ‘vous’ in French. Early Friends (qv) in the English-speaking world vigorously insisted on addressing everyone by thee and thou, as a testimony (text.1) to the equal value of each person. This tradition could still be found in the 20th century among some Quakers in the United States (however, the verb following would be put into the third person singular rather than the second: e.g. ‘thee is’ rather than ‘thou art’).
Eighteenth century Anglo-Saxon Friends uncompromisingly exported this practice into French: this is undoubtedly one of the reasons why they were considered uncouth in France at the time. In present-day French, the concern for the equal dignity of each person calls for weighing up two sets of considerations: on the one hand to make a statement by using ‘tu’ on every occasion on the grounds just described, and on the other to respect the susceptibilities of the person being addressed by resorting to the more respectful ‘vous’ (the biblically-inclined can refer to 1Co.10.31-32 or Rom.14.19-21). French-speaking Friends lean strongly toward the second option; indeed nowadays they tend to
tutoyer rather less readily than mainstream Protestants.
In Africa a further reason argues in favour of ‘vous’, at least by Europeans (or Whites): White missionaries used to
tutoyer Africans immediately as an expression not of equality but of the African’s inferiority, as one automatically says ‘tu’ to a child. Given that heritage, Europeans are well-advised to use ‘vous’ normally in such a context, and to reserve ‘tu’ for people with whom they are in fact on particularly familiar terms as individuals.
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
unité (f)
unity
 
a b c d e f g i j l m n o p q r s t u v | anglais–français | matières
 
veilleur-e
overseer
vérité (text.16)
truth, unity


The text is by Edouard Dommen. Please direct comments on the text to him.

It was converted to html, and all the links added, by Simon Grant. Please send him technical comments, on non-working links, style, usability, and typographical errors.

Last revised 2013